18W Car Stereo Amplifier Circuit Diagram

This automobile stereo amplifier project is a class AB audio power amplifier using the Hitachi HA13118 module. It not only can be used in automobile application but also in any transportable or home amplifier process. It is simple to construct & has a maximum of outside parts. The module has a high power output from a low voltage supply using the bridge tied load system, & a high gain of 55dB.

This project will be useful in applications where the input signal is a low level, without requiring the use of a separate pre-amplifier. This IC module has a built in surge protection circuit, thermal shutdown circuit, ground fault protection circuit & power supply fault protection circuit making it reliable.
The Specifications of this project 
D.C. Input : 8 – 18V at 1-2 A

Power output : 18W maximum, 4 ohm load, 18V DC supply

S/N ratio : > 70 dB

THD : < 0.2% @ 1W

Freq. Response : ~ 30 Hz to 30 kHz, –3 dB

Input level : < 25 mV, for full output (G > 50dB)

Input Impedance : ~ 30 k ohm

The supply voltage necessary for this project is 8 -18V DC, at least one to two Amps. Maximum output power will only be obtained with a power supply of 18V at greater than two A, using a four ohm speaker. The power supply ought to be well filtered to reduce mains hum, a regulated supply will reduce noise even further. Additional filtering is unnecessary if operating from a battery supply.

Circuit Diagram Description

Most of the circuitry is contained within the amplifier module. C10 is the input coupling capacitor and blocks DC from the input. C11 bypasses any RF which may be present at the input. C1 & C2 provide an AC ground for the inverting inputs of the IC. R1/C7 and R2/C8 provide a high frequency load for stability with difficult speakers. C five & C six provide bootstrap feedback for the IC. C9 & C12 provide power supply filtering.

18W Car Stereo Amplifier Circuit Diagram

18W Car Stereo Amplifier Circuit Diagram

An externally mounted logarithmic potentiometer of between 10k ohm and 50k ohm, is used depending on the desired input impedance. The impedance ought to be keep as high as feasible for a guitar amp, unless using a separate pre-amp. Make sure-that the heat sink is mounted to the module.
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