Simple 50-W Electronic Amplifier Circuit Diagram

This electronic amplifier project is an IC amplifier module from ST Microelectronics, the TDA7294. It is intended for use as a top quality audio class AB amplifier in hi-fi applications. It's low noise and distortion, wide bandwidth and nice output current capability, enabling it to supply high power in to both four ohm and 8 ohm lots. It's both short circuit and thermal protection.

With the addition of a handful of parts and an appropriate power supply, this module will deliver over 50W RMS in to four or 8 ohms-with < 0.1% Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) and < 0.1% Inter-modulation Distortion (IMD). It is also suitable as a replacement power amp stage, or upgrade for plenty of existing amplifiers of between 30W-50W, provided they have an appropriate dual supply, & most do.

The Specifications of the electronic amplifier project there are:

D.C. Input : 35V
Output power : > 50W RMS, 4-8 ohm load.
Gain : 24 dB (30dB modification)
Input sensitivity : one.3V for 50W, 8 ohm
Signal-to-Noise ratio : > 95 dB, (>105 dBA)
Frequency response : approx. 20Hz - 200kHz, รข��3 dB
Slew rate : > 10V/uS
THD : < 0.01%, 1W-40W, 1kHz
IMD : < 0.01%, 1W

The maximum supply voltage of the IC is +/- 40V. However the maximum dissipation of the IC can be exceeded even at a lower voltage. Therefore the supply voltage used require not be over +/- 35V. This can be constructed using a 50V middle tapped-transformer, a diode bridge rated at 5A (min.) & a pair of electrolytic capacitors, as shown below. A lower secondary voltage transformer could even be used but the reduced DC voltage will lead to less power output in to 8 ohms. You can still receive 50W in to four ohms with only 24V supply rails.

A 36V C.T. transformer will give you approx +/- 25V rails. The-mains transformer used ought to be rated at a maximum of 80VA. In the event you require to run modules in a stereo amplifier you can use a common power supply. In this case the transformer ought to be rated at 150VA or greater.

Electronic Amplifier Circuit Diagram Description

Most of the circuitry is contained within the IC module. The input signal is applied to pin three by capacitor C1 & low-pass filter R1/C2. The filter improves the pulse response & helps cease RF signals. The lower -3dB point is determined-by R2/C1 & R4/C3. This is about 20Hz for the values used. The upper -3dB point is over 200kHz. C7/C8 & C9/C10 provide additional power supply filtering or decoupling.

Simple 50-W Electronic Amplifier Circuit Diagram


R3/R4 are the feedback resistors. The gain is 1+R3/R4 which is approx 16 times, or 24dB. In case you need to increase the input sensitivity you may alter the resistors to suit. Changing R3 to 22k would increase the gain to 30dB and lower the input-required for 50W in to 8 ohm, to 0.6V, without affecting performance much. In case you reduce the worth of R4 you will also need to increase C3 to maintain bass response, as this sets the feedback low frequency roll off.

Pin ten is a mute input and pin 9 provides a standby mode. Muting ought to always happen before standby mode is selected. Connecting these pins permanently to the supply rail ensures that the amplifier comes on immediately on power up. Any switch-on clicks may be eliminated by increasing the time constants of R5/C4 and R6/C5 if necessary.

Make definite that a heavy duty heat-sink rated at least one.4 degree C/W or better is used.

Simple 50-W Electronic Amplifier Circuit Diagram


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